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Forbes uncovered at least 94 properties—worth a collective $4.5 billion—held by 18 targeted Russian-born oligarchs, ranging from a posh Manhattan townhouse to a grand Italian villa. All are at risk of seizure.

Updated on March 24.

Russian oligarchs looking to hide their “ill-begotten gains” from sanctions may be able to evade the authorities in a superyacht or private jet, but good luck moving that $190 million villa on the French Riviera.

On March 3, the U.S. and the United Kingdom ratcheted up the pressure on Russian billionaires reportedly close to Vladimir Putin when they simultaneously announced an asset freeze and travel ban on prolific investor Alisher Usmanov. The 68-year-old metals magnate had already been sanctioned three days earlier by the European Union, making him one of 25 Russian-born billionaires sanctioned by the EU, U.S., U.K. Switzerland, Canada or Japan since the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014; 14 were hit for the first time in the past month since Russian troops invaded Ukraine.

Two of Usmanov’s most prized assets—the 16th-century Sutton Place estate in Surrey and the Beechwood House mansion in London—are located in England. According to a press release by the British government announcing the sanctions, both properties have now been frozen, and no “British citizen or business” can deal with Usmanov. In practice, this means Usmanov can’t sell, rent, or receive any economic benefits from the homes. A representative for Usmanov did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

He’s not the only sanctioned Russian-born billionaire with significant real estate holdings outside of Russia. Nor is he the only one with homes in Western capitals. Forbes uncovered at least 94 properties owned by 18 sanctioned Russian-born oligarchs, stretching from Connecticut to Sardinia. By Forbes’ count, these properties are collectively worth $4.5 billion.

While asset freezes and travel bans may block these oligarchs from visiting their far-flung homes, it doesn’t mean they immediately lose control of them. That’s in part because it’s not always easy to pin the ownership on them. Putin ally Oleg Deripaska was first sanctioned by the U.S. in 2018, and two of his properties—one in Washington, D.C. and another in New York City—were raided by the FBI in October 2021. But their ownership still hasn’t changed: Forbes reviewed property records in both cities that show both of those properties, plus a third in Manhattan that’s been linked to Deripaska, are still owned by three Delaware-based LLCs that bought them prior to the sanctions. A spokesperson for Deripaska told the Washington Post on March 1 that the homes are owned by his relatives.

A common way to get around sanctions, according to Alexi Fehlman, an analyst at data intelligence firm Sayari Labs who specializes in Eurasia and Russia, is to transfer properties to a relative or a close associate. “Even though there’s a push to seize assets, that’s going to be complicated,” Fehlman says. “Legally, a lot of the time they’re not necessarily the owners of the property. Often it’ll be an [offshore] entity.”

Still, the U.S. and its allies in Europe have recently indicated they will step up enforcement of sanctions and seize any assets held by sanctioned individuals. On March 2, U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland announced a new task force named “KleptoCapture” that will target Russian oligarchs and use asset forfeiture to seize the holdings of sanctioned individuals. That includes using “cutting-edge investigative techniques” such as data analytics, cryptocurrency tracing, foreign intelligence sources and information from financial regulators to identify any sanctions evasion.

Here are the mansions, villas and luxury apartments held by sanctioned Russian-born billionaires in Europe and North America:

Sanctioned by: U.K., EU, Canada, Australia, Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia, Israel, Portugal

Properties in: Cap d’Antibes, France; St. Barths; Snowmass Village, Colorado; London, U.K.; Salzburg, Austria

Total estimated value: $610 million

The crown jewel in Abramovich’s extensive property portfolio is 16 Kensington Palace Gardens, a 15-bedroom mansion that neighbors several embassies and Kensington Palace, a residence of the British royal family. The stuccoed three-story home was once occupied by the diplomatic mission of the Soviet Union. According to British property records, Abramovich owns it via Cyprus-based A. Corp Trustee Limited—a firm that lists its address at Stamford Bridge, the stadium of Abramovich’s most famous asset, English Premier League team Chelsea F.C. (While Abramovich owns the home, the land still belongs to the British monarchy’s Crown Estate.) Elsewhere in the British capital, he owns 100 Cheyne Walk, a home in the 18th-century Lindsey House building with gardens and pleasure grounds, which he owns through British Virgin Islands-based Harley’s House Limited, according to British property records; and reportedly owns an apartment in nearby Cheyne Terrace, featuring a temperature-controlled wine cellar and a 6,000-square-foot penthouse at the top of the 37-story Chelsea Waterfront development, which features a swimming pool, jacuzzi, sauna, gym and steam room.

Outside of the U.K., Abramovich also owns the 32,000-square-foot Chateau de la Croë in Cap d’Antibes on the French Riviera, an estate built on more than 17 acres of land with 12 bedrooms and a swan-shaped bathtub, formerly owned by King Edward VIII of Great Britain. His daughter Anna owns a 320,000-square-foot lakeside property on Lake Fuschl in Salzburg.

In the Americas, his holdings include a 70-acre estate on Governor Beach in the wealthy island of St. Barths in the Caribbean, with Balinese bungalows and several tennis courts and swimming pools; a nearly 13,000-square-foot, 11-bedroom mansion with a private pool and spa at 1200 Ridge of Wildcat Drive in Snowmass, Colorado and a 5,500-square-foot, 3-bedroom house nearby at 303 Aspen Way in Snowmass Village.

He previously owned two co-op apartments on East 73rd Street and four townhomes on East 75th Street in New York City—including three adjacent properties at 9, 11 and 13 East 75th that he consolidated into a six-story, 31,500-square-foot home which will become the largest single residence in Manhattan upon its completion—before transferring all six properties to his ex-wife Dasha Zhukova for a combined $92.3 million in 2018, according to property records. The mammoth residence at 9-13 East 75th will feature a swimming pool surrounded by a glass-paneled wall, a rooftop garden and an art gallery. A representative for Abramovich did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland, Australia

Citizenship: Russia, Latvia

Properties in: Surrey, U.K. and Sardinia, Italy

Total estimated value: $160 million

Aven owns Ingliston House, a large estate with 18 rooms, a gym and a saltwater pool, on 8.5 acres adjacent to a golf course in the gated Wentworth Estate in Surrey, England. The wealthy banker reportedly installed “intelligent” electronic fencing, a two-story octagonal guardhouse and a bombproof shelter to make it “KGB-proof.” Aven owns the property through a Cyprus-based company named Servilia Properties Limited, per British property records. He also owns a villa in Sardinia, Italy, which was frozen by Italian authorities on March 16. A luxury mountain home in the Bernese Oberland in Switzerland reportedly owned by Aven was seized by Swiss authorities on March 21. A representative for Aven did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.S., U.K., Canada, Australia

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: Paris and Saint-Tropez, France; Porto Cervo, Italy; New York City and Washington D.C., U.S.; Lech, Austria; London and Surrey, U.K.

Total estimated value: $1.4 billion

Deripaska’s properties in the U.S. include a five-story home on New York’s Upper East Side at 11 East 64th St, purchased through Delaware-based Vesta International LLC for $42.5 million in 2008; a three-story townhouse in Manhattan’s West Village at 12 Gay St, purchased through Delaware-based Lucina International LLC for $4.5 million in 2006; and a nearly 12,000-square-foot mansion with 7 bedrooms and 11 bathrooms near Embassy Row in Washington, D.C. at 2501 30th Street NW, purchased through Delaware-based Hestia International LLC for $15 million in 2006. All three properties are still owned by the same entities, despite the fact that the metals mogul had his assets frozen by the U.S. Treasury Department in 2018.

He also owns Hamstone House in the exclusive St. George’s Hill private gated community in Surrey, an estate with 5 bedrooms and 8 acres of grounds, replete with an 8-foot Venetian glass chandelier as well as a gym, spa, sauna, tennis court and a heated swimming pool. Deripaska owns the mansion through Cyprus-based Edenfield Investments Limited, according to British property records, and the property was recently on the market for $17.5 million.

Elsewhere in England, Deripaska owns a residence with 7 bedrooms, a home cinema, a gym and a Turkish steam bath on 5 Belgrave Square in the chic London neighborhood of Belgravia, bought through British Virgin Islands-based Ravellot Limited, per British property records. He also owns an adjacent property—a “mews house” in what was once a service road for the estate in the 19th century, originally intended for stable horses and servants—with an additional four bedrooms and two garages.

Elsewhere in Europe, Deripaska owns a sprawling hilltop mansion with two neoclassical marble palaces, olive groves and a swimming pool on the Adriatic coast in Kotor, Montenegro, through British Virgin Islands-based Advante Management Corp. as well as a villa with a swimming pool in Paphos, Cyprus.

Through several French companies owned by his mother, Valentina, and his cousin, Pavel Ezubov, Deripaska also owns several properties in France and Italy: a luxury apartment and a mansion in central Paris; four villas in Sardinia, including the 31,200-square-foot Villa Walkirie in Porto Cervo, replete with a swimming pool and health spa; and the 15,000-square-foot Villa Herakles in Saint-Tropez, which features a helicopter pad, two swimming pools and a tennis court. Through Russia-based Gost Hotel Management LLC, owned by Ezubov, he also owns the 5-star Aurelio Lech Ski Hotel in Lech, Austria, which features a spa, chalet and an indoor swimming pool.

A representative for Deripaska did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland, Australia

Citizenship: Russia, Israel

Properties in: London, U.K.

Total estimated value: $120 million

His Athlone House is a Victorian-era gothic estate in the wealthy north London neighborhood of Highgate. Built on five acres of landscaped gardens designed to mimic the Palace of Versailles, it’s located next door to Usmanov’s Beechwood House. The mansion had been in disrepair until Fridman purchased it in 2016 for roughly $90 million and restored it, adding an underground swimming pool, a yoga room and an observatory. Fridman owns it directly, according to British property records.

He also owns a three-story stuccoed home in the leafy St. John’s Wood district of northwest London at 25 Cavendish Close, which he owns through Jersey-based Oak Trustees (Jersey) Limited and Oak Services (Jersey) Limited, per British property records. He purchased it in 2002 and used it as his main residence as recently as 2020, according to British court records. He also reportedly owns an apartment for his parents in Latvia. A representative for Fridman did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: London, U.K.

Total estimated value: $120 million

Gutseriev owns a home in the affluent Mayfair section in London. A representative for Gutseriev did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.S., EU, U.K., Canada, Switzerland, Japan

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: Cap d’Antibes, France

Total estimated value: $275 million

His four villas in Cap d’Antibes on the French Riviera were embroiled in a tax scandal involving a Swiss company named Swiru Holding AG in 2020. French authorities fined Swiru $1.6 million for alleged tax evasion in the sale of one of the villas, named Hier, to Kerimov in 2008, for a declared amount of $51 million instead of the actual purchase price of nearly $190 million. Located on so-called “Millionaires’ Bay,” the nearly 13,000-square-foot Hier also served as the backdrop for the 1988 film Dirty Rotten Scoundrels starring Michael Caine.

In May 2020, Kerimov’s legal counsel Nikita Sychev issued a statement after the fine was issued, indicating that Kerimov “is not under any investigation in this case and that he has never been convicted by any court whatsoever, in France or abroad.” The statement also cites that French courts dismissed prior allegations of money-laundering made against Kerimov, which “caused serious prejudice to [Kerimov] since they constituted the sole basis for the sanctions imposed on him by the [U.S.]” A representative for Kerimov did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.K., EU, Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia, Israel

Properties in: London and Surrey, U.K.

Total estimated value: $200 million

Khan owns three properties in Eaton Square in central London, dubbed “Red Square” for its many wealthy Russian residents. Among his holdings in the area are two adjacent apartments—Flat E, a two-story home with four bedrooms, a library, a bar, and a garden; and the two-story Flat G—as well as 118 Eaton Square, part of an estate built in 1825 with an internal courtyard. According to British property records, he and his wife Anzhelika own flats E and G directly, while they own 118 Eaton Square through Seychelles-based Apilosa Corporation.

In the land records for Flats E and G, Anzhelika Khan has a registered address at Raven Morrow in Surrey, England, a neoclassical estate located near the home of Khan’s business partner, Pyotr Aven. The mansion was in disrepair as recently as 2020, when a group of urban explorers broke into the 18-bedroom property and filmed the crumbling interiors in a YouTube video. The video shows an indoor and outdoor swimming pool, jacuzzi, sauna, tennis court and a wine cellar, as well as a large treehouse and smaller properties on the grounds. A spokesperson for Khan told the MailOnline in October 2020 that the property was not abandoned and was occupied by a Russian family that was living there on the behest of Khan and his wife. ‘The whole property is in the process of being renovated. This is a multi-stage process,” he said. “So far the Lodge house has been renovated and that part of the project completed, and it has people living in it again.’

Raven Morrow is owned by UK-based Ravenmorrow Limited, which acquired the property for $42 million in December 2021, per British property records; Ravenmorrow was incorporated the same month and the only director is a corporate administrator in Nicosia, Cyprus, a common jurisdiction for offshore assets held by Russian billionaires. Anzhelika Khan had reportedly purchased Raven Morrow in 2014 for $43 million. A representative for Khan did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: New York City

Total estimated value: $40 million

Fridman and Aven’s business partner, Kuzmichev reportedly owns a 10,090-square-foot, four-story townhouse residence with five bedrooms and five bathrooms at 33 East 74th Street in New York City. Known as the “Atterbury Mansion,” the property was designed by architect Grosvenor Atterbury in 1901 and features a “breathtaking entrance foyer” with white-oak planked floors and a “massive chef’s kitchen” with a vein cut marble island, as well as a private entrance and a private and public elevator servicing each floor. Kuzmichev reportedly owns the property via New York-based 33 E74 Corp., per New York property records, and put it up for sale for $41 million in September 2021, only five years after purchasing it in April 2016 for $43 million.

Kuzmichev also reportedly owned the condo at number 4A in the same building, a 3,850-square-foot apartment with three bedrooms and three bathrooms that he acquired for $16 million in February 2016 via New York-based 4A33 E 74 Corp, according to property records. He reportedly sold it for $16 million in 2018, after seeking to combine it with the Atterbury Mansion into one sprawling property. A representative for Kuzmichev did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland, Australia

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: Portisco, Italy

Total estimated value: $115 million

Mordashov owns a residential complex in the small seaside village of Portisco in northeastern Sardinia, which was frozen by Italian financial police on March 19. He reportedly purchased the 4,300-square-foot property, named Villa Parodi—which features gardens and a terrace overlooking the Mediterranean Sea—for $85 million in 2012. Regional newspaper La Nuova Sardegna reported at the time that the acquisition was investigated for roughly $8 million in unpaid taxes by the local prosecutor’s office. According to Italian corporate filings, he expanded the property in 2015 by purchasing nearby land from the Marina di Portisco yacht marina. A representative for Mordashov did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: Cap d’Antibes, France; Italy; Monaco; New York City; Switzerland; U.K.

Total estimated value: $400 million

Melnichenko owns several properties across the West, including the four-story Bromar mansion in Monaco, a villa built in a former bank (with its own vault) that now boasts a swimming pool, steam bath, fitness center and a home cinema. He also owns Villa Altair in Cap d’Antibes, France, replete with a home theater, wine cellar, sauna, and a swimming pool. He owns the villa through a French real estate firm, Pershore Comercio International S.a.r.l., which is in turn wholly owned by Melnichenko’s Luxembourg-based firm Jalinon Investments S.a.rl. Outside of the French Riviera, he and his wife Aleksandra own two penthouses in 110 Central Park South in New York, which they acquired for $12.2 million in 2011 and $12.8 million in 2019, respectively. The former is 2,800 square feet and features two bedrooms, three bathrooms and an 850-square-foot terrace; the latter spreads out over 3,900 square feet with five bedrooms, five bathrooms, a library and a fireplace.

He also owns homes in Italy and Switzerland. His real estate portfolio previously included the the 36-acre Harewood estate in Ascot, England, a mansion with formal gardens, tennis courts and a lake; Melnichenko owned the property through Jersey-based Harewood House Limited, according to British property records.

“Andrey Melnichenko is an international self-made businessman, entrepreneur and investor in children’s education,” his spokesperson said in a statement addressing the sanctions. “He has no relation to the tragic events in Ukraine. He has no political affiliations.”

Referring to a meeting with Putin and several Russian businesspeople that Melnichenko attended on February 24, he added: “To draw a parallel between attending a meeting through membership in a business council, just as dozens of businesspeople from both Russia and Europe have done in the past, and undermining or threatening a country is absurd and nonsensical. There is no justification whatsoever for placing him on the EU sanctions list.”

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., Switzerland, Australia

Citizenship: Russia, Cyprus

Properties in: Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France

Total estimated value: $175 million

Ponomarenko owns a large villa on 170,000 square feet of land in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat on the French Riviera. A representative for Ponomarenko declined to comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., U.S., Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: Rome, Sardinia and Tarquinia, Italy; Surrey, U.K.; Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France

Total estimated value: $165 million

Putin’s onetime judo partner, Rotenberg owns several properties in Italy, including two villas in the luxe Costa Smeralda in Sardinia; a villa and an apartment in southern Sardinia; a villa in the hilltop town of Tarquinia, north of Rome; and the 4-star Berg Luxury Hotel in central Rome near the Spanish Steps. The properties, which he owned through Cyprus-based Olpon Investments Limited, were reportedly valued at $40 million in 2014. In September that year, Italian authorities froze those assets after the EU imposed sanctions on him as a result of Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Rotenberg sued the EU over the sanctions and obtained a partial annulment in November 2016, when the General Court of the European Union upheld them but revoked the “restrictive measures” applied from July 30, 2014 to March 14, 2015—a period of time that covers the Italian government’s freezing of his assets.

According to Italian property records, Arkady still owns 50{4e908c29df01d999f087e4f922633998e2ded1c72f05851cd6252034960daee5} of Aurora 31—the company that owns the Berg Luxury Hotel—through Olpon Investments Limited. The other 50{4e908c29df01d999f087e4f922633998e2ded1c72f05851cd6252034960daee5} is owned by another Cyprus-based firm, Logotax Developments Limited, where his brother Boris is a director. Arkady also owns Villa Shoshana, a 97,000-square-foot estate in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat near Nice on the French Riviera. He owns the property through Luxembourg-based Lucasnel SA, according to Luxembourg and French corporate records.

Another one of Rotenberg’s properties, the Upper Ribsden estate in Surrey, England, has been entangled in a dispute with his ex-wife Natalia since their divorce in 2013. Rotenberg acquired the home for $44 million in 2012 through British Virgin Islands-based Ravendark Holdings Limited, which still owns the home, per British property records. According to court filings, Ravendark obtained the funds to purchase the estate through a loan provided by Cyprus-based Olpon, which is still owned by Rotenberg. (Part of the loan was also used to buy a Bentley.) The 27,000-square-foot manor features an Italian glass chandelier and a curved marble staircase and is set in six acres surrounded by woods and the Sunningdale golf course. Amenities include a 42-foot swimming pool, games suite, cinema, and a wine cellar.

In July 2016, a British court ordered Rotenberg to transfer the property to Natalia, a decision that was upheld in August 2019 and again in January 2021, when a British judge ruled that Ravendark holds the property “on resulting trust for” Rotenberg and that he is the “sole beneficial owner.” Rotenberg appealed that decision and won the latest round in the long-running saga in November 2021, when a panel of three judges ruled that Rotenberg’s ownership of the property “has not yet been properly determined” and ordered a full rehearing. A representative for Rotenberg did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.K., U.S., Australia, Canada, Japan

Citizenship: Russia, Finland

Properties in: Èze and Mouans-Sartoux, France and London, U.K.

Total estimated value: $60 million

Arkady’s brother, Boris, owns two large villas in the town of Èze on the French Riviera, as well as a 72-acre estate with a horse breeding business, which he owns with his wife, Karina, in nearby Mouans-Sartoux. According to a 2018 investigation by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, in collaboration with French daily Le Monde and Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, Rotenberg’s ownership of the Mouans-Sartoux estate was routed through a complex ownership structure including a Monaco-based company named Tannor 2. The villas in Èze, totaling 14,000 square feet including a swimming pool, were valued at $37 million in 2008. In 2009, Rotenberg obtained initial authorization for a third villa with a pool, tennis court and a private funicular; work was stopped for unknown reasons and the project was reauthorized in 2015, with construction resuming in 2018. Rotenberg did not comment on the investigation, but a source close to the family told OCCRP that the family doesn’t own the Èze home and rents it from an undisclosed landlord.

Boris and Karina also directly own three properties in and around Atlanta, Georgia: a condo at 3334 Peachtree Road NE in Atlanta; a 6-bedroom house at 2195 Blackheath Trace in Alpharetta; and a 5-bedroom lakeside home at 1055 Carnoustie Lane in Alpharetta, featuring a swimming pool and a motorboat dock.

Boris’ son from an earlier marriage, Roman—who is also subject to U.S. and Canadian sanctions—owns a home at 46 Cadogan Lane in Belgravia, London. According to British property records, he owns it through Cyprus-based Loktan Services Limited, which purchased it for nearly $7 million in 2007. A representative for Rotenberg did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.K.

Citizenship: U.K., U.S. (Shvidler was born in the U.S.S.R. but is not a Russian citizen)

Properties in: London, U.K.; Thénac, France; Snowmass Village, Colorado; New York City

Total estimated value: $100 million

Shvidler owns several properties across the U.K., France and the U.S. His main residence, according to Colorado property records, is an apartment at 5 Carlton Gardens near St. James’s Park in central London, which he acquired in 2000 and owns directly, per British property records. He also owns a 5,000-square-foot, two bedroom “trophy apartment” at 785 Fifth Ave with Central Park views in Manhattan, which he purchased for $24.5 million in 2018 from fellow billionaire David Geffen, according to local property records.

In Snowmass Village, Colorado, he owns a 6,350-square-foot home with five bedrooms and six bathrooms at 202 E Fork Lane, a short drive away from his friend Abramovich’s two homes nearby. His crown jewel is in France, where he owns the 12th century Chateau Thénac winery in Thénac, featuring vineyards of Merlot, Cabernet, Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon and Muscadelle grapes spread out over 86 of the estate’s nearly 520 acres. The property originated as a priory built by Benedictine monks in 1109 before it was destroyed in the Protestant rebellions of 1621, with a château rebuilt from the ruins. It also includes a kitchen, wine cellar, tasting room, and acres of woodland and fields populated by black swans, sheep, goats, deer, donkeys, geese, ducks and a pony. A representative for Shvidler did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.S., U.K., Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia, Finland

Properties in: Le Lavandou, Saint-Raphaël France; Geneva, Switzerland

Total estimated value: $30 million

Timchenko owns a mansion on Lake Geneva in Switzerland. According to French corporate records, Timchenko’s wife, Elena owns a 61.9{4e908c29df01d999f087e4f922633998e2ded1c72f05851cd6252034960daee5} stake in Sogeco, a French firm that owns Le Club de Cavalière, a 5-star hotel and spa with its own private beach in Le Lavandou on the French Riviera.

Timchenko and his wife also own an estate in Saint-Raphaël on the French Riviera as well as another home in Le Lavandou, reportedly owned through a trust based in Monaco. A representative for Timchenko did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.K. (Dropped off Forbes Real-Time Billionaires on March 1)

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: Courchevel and Val Thorens, France; Forte dei Marmi, Italy; Cabo San Lucas Mexico;

Total estimated value: $40 million

Tinkov owns the La Datcha collection, a group of five resorts and villas spread out across four countries, including one in Astrakhan, Russia and four in France, Italy and Mexico. In Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, he owns a three-story, beachfront “traditional Mexican hacienda” with ten bedrooms, a fireplace, a swimming pool, a study, a gym, a sauna, Turkish bath, massage parlor, and snow room, as well as a private wine collection and a kitchen with a chef. He owns two properties in France, including a 13,000-square-foot chalet in Val Thorens, the highest-altitude ski resort in Europe, that features five suites with room for 15 guests, a golf simulator, two cinemas, a library, a gym, sauna, a spa center and a private chef; and a five-bedroom chalet in the ski town of Courchevel, replete with a private kitchen, elevator, steam room, spa and a swimming pool. In Italy, he owns a 10-bedroom Tuscan palazzo in the seaside resort town of Forte dei Marmi, featuring an arcade, two cinemas, a gym, golf simulator, cigar room, a kitchen with a chef and a private beach with a 258-square-foot swimming pool and a jacuzzi. A representative for Tinkov did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: EU, U.K., U.S., Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland

Citizenship: Russia, Uzbekistan

Properties in: London and Surrey, U.K.; Rottach-Egern, Germany; Orebić, Croatia; Lausanne, Switzerland; Monaco; Arzachena, Italy

Total estimated value: $440 million

Usmanov owns the 19th-century Beechwood House estate in Hampstead, London, built on 11 acres of land that include a squash court and several cottages. Previous owners include King Khalid of Saudi Arabia and Qatar’s Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. According to British property records, Usmanov owns the property through Hanley Limited, a company incorporated in the Isle of Man. Elsewhere in London, he owns a four-story terraced mansion at 4 Curzon Square next to Hyde Park, built in the late 19th century from a pair of late 18th-century homes. The property is listed as the address for a UK-based company named Curzon Square Limited which is part-owned by Usmanov, and the home is owned by Jersey-based Porton Investments Limited, per British property records.

He also owns Sutton Place, a Tudor-era manor built in 1525 on a 700-acre estate in Surrey, south of London. Formerly owned by J. Paul Getty, the historic property features a two-story mansion with multiple gardens, several libraries and a swimming pool. Queen Elizabeth I visited the estate in 1560. Usmanov owns the property through two offshore companies registered in Cyprus—Delesius Investments Limited and Bacerius Investments Limited—according to British property records. Through those companies, Usmanov owns additional land and several farms nearby.

Outside of the United Kingdom, Usmanov has three homes in Rottach-Egern on Lake Tegernsee in southern Germany, which he owns through Isle of Man-based Lake Point Property Holding, Lakeview Property Holding Limited and Tegernsee (IOM) Limited. He also owns properties in Orebić, Croatia; Lausanne, Switzerland; Monaco; and Arzachena, Italy. His villa in Arzachena in northern Sardinia was frozen by Italian authorities on March 4; he owns another three villas in Sardinia through Bermuda-based Pauillac Property Limited. A representative for Usmanov did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sanctioned by: U.S., U.K., Japan

Citizenship: Russia

Properties in: New York City and Weston, Connecticut, U.S.; Zug, Switzerland; Italy; Latvia

Total estimated value: $65 million

Through his wife, Marina Dobrynina, Vekselberg owns two properties in the U.S. including a 4-bedroom home with a swimming pool on 5 acres of land at 15 Goodhill Road in Weston, Connecticut, purchased in 2001 for $5 million by Mojave Park Investments Limited and transferred to Marina a year later; and a 2,700-square-foot luxury condo at 111 West 67th Street in New York, purchased in 2002 for $3 million. Vekselberg was sanctioned by the U.S. Treasury Department in 2018, but both properties are still owned by his wife Marina, according to property records.

Outside of the U.S., Vekselberg owns real estate in Italy, Latvia and in Zug, Switzerland. A representative for Vekselberg did not immediately respond to a request for comment.


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